Millions of individuals struggle with cataracts. Cataracts may develop slowly, but can eventually interfere with your ability to see clearly. At University Eye Associates in Charlotte and Davidson, our eye doctor will assess your eyes to determine whether or not you have cataracts and offer treatment accordingly.
What are Cataracts?
Cataracts occur when the lens in one or both eyes becomes cloudy or foggy. Clouding over the lens causes difficulty when focusing the eye. This ultimately leads to difficulty seeing clearly. There are generally three types of cataracts a person may have. These include a nuclear sclerotic cataract, a cortical cataract, and a posterior subcapsular cataract.
Symptoms of Cataracts
There are several symptoms you may experience when you have cataracts:
- The lens in the eye may appear cloudy.
- Double vision may occur.
- Colors may fade or appear yellowish.
- You may see what looks like halos around lights.
- Your eyes may become more sensitive to glare or bright lights.
- Your eyeglass prescription may change frequently.
What Causes Cataracts to Develop?
Cataracts are normally caused when the eye’s tissue ages. Older individuals are much more likely to develop a cataract than younger people. Besides aging, there are several other reasons you may develop a cataract in one or both eyes:
- Using steroids for long periods of time may cause cataracts to develop.
- Some genetic disorders can cause a person to be at higher risk.
- Previous surgery on the eyes may cause a cataract to develop in the future.
- A person who has diabetes is at higher risk of developing cataracts.
- Some people are born with what are called congenital cataracts.
- Excessive alcohol use or smoking may also contribute to a higher risk of cataracts.
If you have or suspect you have a cataract, an optometrist can help in a variety of ways:
- Testing - An optometrist may test your eyes using methods such as a visual acuity test and a retinal exam. Using a microscope, the eye doctor may also perform what is called a slit lamp exam.
- Treatment - Mild cataracts may just require a stronger prescription for glasses. If they become more severe, surgery will be necessary.
Contact Our Optometry Professionals for Cataract Treatment in Charlotte and Davidson
At University Eye Associates we can provide a wide range of optometry services including cataract care. If you suspect you are suffering from cataracts, we are ready to assist you. For more information or to schedule an appointment, call us today or request an appointment online.